According to a new study from the University of Washington, autistic children between 3 and 10 exhibit distinct brain chemistry from children with developmental delays, as well as those with typical development.
The fact that early brain chemical alterations tend to normalize throughout development provides new insight into efforts aimed at improving early detection and intervention.
According to Stephen Dager, associate director of UW’s Center on Human Development and Disability and corresponding author of the study, this is similar to patterns normally observed in people who have sustained a closed head injury and recovered.
These early chemical alterations may provide insight into specific processes at play in autism, or even hold clues as to how these processes might be reversed.
Boys who have been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are more likely to spend excessive amounts of time playing video games compared to boys without ASD, MedPage Today reported.
In a study published in Pediatrics, researchers examined video game use – as reported by parents – in 56 boys with autism spectrum disorder, 44 boys with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and 41 boys with typical development. All of the study participants were between 8 and 18 years of age.
Children with ASD spent an average of 2.1 hours playing video games every day, compared to only 1.2 hours for their typically-developing peers. Boys with ADHD also spent more time playing video games than typically-developing children, but the difference was not statistically significant.